GAMSAT is more about reasoning and logical understanding of materials presented to you in the test rather than a test-based on complicated pre-learned information. In the first section of GAMSAT you’ll find multiple choice-based questions set from excerpts, from various literary works, as well as graphic presentations of a current situation. This second type is usually an editorial cartoon that you are expected to understand, analyse and answer questions on.
Even if they’re don’t immediately produce in you profound hilarity at the topics that they poke fun at, the editorial cartoons present a commentary on society and show a position on ongoing issues of interest. The most important thing about editorial cartoons is the analogy they present to the reader. Take, for example the following cartoon:
Even if the source of this cartoon is Benjamin Franklin’s call to the American colonies to unite against the British, the essence of the cartoon is still valid today. These cartoons are essentially timeless as they present issues that, while pertinent to their times, also have relevance to modern times. With this cartoon in particular, if you understand the cartoon carefully, it represents a call to unite or perish, and in the present view of the world as well as domestic crises, this comes across as a very potent representation.
So what tools does a cartoonist use to convey his ideas? Below you will find all that a cartoonist uses to ensure that his opinion and perspective of the situation gets across to the reader:
- Symbols: Symbols are commonly used pictures that are meant to represent an accepted idea or group. For example a dove represents peace and a rose might be used to represent untouched beauty.
- Caricatures: Caricatures are exaggerated drawings of people that are usually used to make a point about the people concerned.
- Stereotypes: Stereotypes are styles of representing people or a group that bring to the reader’s mind an accepted idea or prejudice. This could be in the form of the glib lawyer, the disorganized scientist or the dumbfounded common man.
- Analogies: These are perhaps the most common and the most important ways to represent a comparison. Cartoonists often use analogies to compare a current situation to a nursery rhyme, fairytale, book or historic event.
Take the following cartoon for example:
The first question you may be tempted to ask is “What is the cartoon about?” On a primary viewing you see that this is a barber shop and the barber asks if the man on the chair wants to get rid of the beard. Understand carefully now, and note the use of the word “liberated”. Is the word used to mean anything specific? Why does the cartoonist use this word and not another word like “shave” or “remove”? Also take note that there are others waiting in the shop and one of them reads a newspaper. What does the newspaper say? These cartoons are actually very information dense and are littered with clues.
Since GAMSAT is a test of how well you relate information, you are expected to understand this is post-Taliban Afghanistan (note that the shop is called “Kabul” Razors & Shears). So this must be around the time when Taliban fighters were shaving off their beards and trying to escape the Pakistani army offensive, disguised as ordinary men.
Understanding such an analogy may not always be easy. This is why our advice to you is to read newspapers everyday and try to understand the editorial cartoons as part of your GAMSAT preparations. You may also go online and analyse cartoons that often come with answer keys.